Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced an enlarged cabinet of 36 members
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced his new cabinet with former Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland, now responsible for managing the internal divisions of Canada.
His government is facing the threat of a national unity crisis in Alberta and Saskatchewan as a result of an increasing sense of alienation.
In October’s election, his Liberal Party maintained control but lost 20 seats.
Mr Trudeau is now facing the challenge of minority governance.
Speaking after Wednesday’s swearing-in ceremony, the prime minister praised the role of Ms Freeland on renegotiating with the US and Mexico the North American Free Trade Agreement.
The former 51-year-old journalist has been moved to intergovernmental affairs and will now act as the point person of the government to deal with the provinces.

Chrystia Freeland (Right) says the country must face its challenges as ‘Team Canada’
She was also appointed Deputy Prime Minister and will help shepherd the trade agreement through the process of ratification that faces resistance in the U.S. Congress.
Mr Trudeau said their efforts together on “very difficult negotiations with their American counterparts will enable us to deliver especially on issues such as energy and the environment”.
The Liberals are shut out from Canada’s heartland of energy, Alberta and Saskatchewan, where separation is increasingly being spoken about.
There is a sense that the interests of the West in the capital of Ottawa are not represented and frustration with the pipeline and environmental policies of the government.
Ms Freeland will work closely with former trade minister Jim Carr, who will serve as a special representative for Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba to ensure the region has “a strong voice in Ottawa”, the office of the Prime Minister said.
Conservative leader Andrew Scheer called the 36-member expanded cabinet a “bloated version of the same one that helped create an affordability crisis for Canadian families, attacked our energy sector and put thousands of Canadians out of work, and set the stage for a national unity crisis”.
As Canada’s top diplomat, Francois-Philippe Champagne will replace Ms Freeland. He had previously held portfolios of international trade and infrastructure.
Catherine McKenna, one of the most prominent ministers of Mr Trudeau, moved to infrastructure after spending four years in the environmental portfolio. Former fisheries minister Jonathan Wilkinson is replacing her.
MP Marc Miller is a new cabinet face who takes over the portfolio of indigenous services. Two years ago, the non-indigenous mp made headlines when he made a statement in the Mohawk language of the House of Commons, which he had spent a year trying to learn.
Some Fresh faces of an expanded cabinet of 36 members
• Steven Guilbeault appointed to heritage
• Marco Mendicino appointed to immigration
• Mary Ng from small business to international trade
• Bill Blair from border security to public safety
• Seamus O’Regan from indigenous services to natural resources
• Ahmed Hussen from immigration to families and social development
• Jonathan Wilkinson from fisheries to environment
• Francois-Philippe Champagne from infrastructure to foreign affairs
• Catherine McKenna from environment to infrastructure
• Chrystia Freeland from foreign affairs to intergovernmental affairs


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